Defending Against Ourselves Through Philosophizing: The Importance of Critical Thinking

“To philosophize is to defend oneself from those who believe they know and do nothing but repeat the errors of others.” ― Fernando Savater

Philosophy, at its essence, is the pursuit of truth and understanding through critical thinking and reasoned argument. It is a way of examining and questioning the world around us, as well as our own beliefs and assumptions. In this sense, to philosophize is to actively engage with the world in a way that challenges and expands our understanding of it.


In a society where there is often an abundance of information and misinformation available at our fingertips, it can be tempting to take the easy way out and simply accept what we are told without questioning it. However, this can be a dangerous path to follow, as it leaves us vulnerable to being swayed by those who believe they know and do nothing but repeat the errors of others.

Fernando Savater, a Spanish philosopher and writer, recognized this danger and encouraged individuals to engage in philosophical thinking as a way of defending themselves against those who claim to have all the answers. By thinking critically and questioning the beliefs and arguments of others, we can avoid falling victim to their errors and instead seek out a deeper understanding of the world around us.

In today’s world, where there is often a great deal of disagreement and division, the ability to think critically and independently is more important than ever. By engaging in philosophical thinking and questioning the beliefs of others, we can better defend ourselves against those who seek to manipulate or deceive us. It is only through this process of seeking truth and understanding that we can truly know and make informed decisions about the world and our place in it.

The Importance of Critical Thinking.

In his book “Thinking, Fast and Slow,” Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman delves into the inner workings of the human mind and the ways in which we process information and make decisions. Through a series of fascinating anecdotes and psychological experiments, Kahneman illustrates the importance of critical thinking in navigating the complex and often biased world in which we live.

One of the key themes of the book is the concept of “system 1” and “system 2” thinking. System 1 thinking is automatic, intuitive, and emotional, while system 2 thinking is more deliberate, logical, and reflective. Kahneman argues that while system 1 thinking is useful for making quick decisions in certain situations, it is also prone to biases and errors that can lead us astray. On the other hand, system 2 thinking, which requires effort and concentration, can help us overcome these biases and make more accurate and informed decisions.

Kahneman also explores the ways in which our emotions and motivations can influence our thinking and decision-making process. He shows how our desire for simplicity and ease can lead us to overlook important details and make hasty judgments, and how our fear of loss can lead us to make irrational choices. By understanding these psychological tendencies and being aware of them, we can better engage in critical thinking and make more reasoned and logical decisions.

In summary, “Thinking, Fast and Slow” is a thought-provoking and engaging read that provides valuable insights into the ways in which our minds work and the importance of critical thinking in making informed decisions. Whether you are a student, business professional, or simply someone looking to improve your decision-making skills, this book is well worth reading.

If you found this post about the importance of critical thinking in defending ourselves against ourselves thought-provoking and insightful, we encourage you to leave a comment and share your thoughts and reflections. Your input and perspective can help enrich the conversation and inspire others to consider the role that critical thinking plays in our lives and the ways in which it can help us defend ourselves against our own biases and prejudices. Sharing this post can also help spread the message and encourage more people to think about the value of self-reflection and self-awareness in developing a deeper understanding of the world and our place in it. So don’t hesitate, leave a comment and share this post today!

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